Key indicators

Practical information

 

Name: The Gabonese Republic 
Head of State: Ali Bongo Ondimba 
Capital: Libreville (500 000 habitants) 
Area: 267 667 km2 
Population:  1 383 000 habitants 
Time zone:  GMT +1 
Calling code: 241 
Currency: Central African CFA Franc, indexed to the Euro 
Taux de change : 656 CFA = 1 € ; 545 CFA = 1 $ 
Official language:  French  

 

Climate:  
2 dry seasons: 
May - September (long dry season) 
December - January (short dry season) 

2 rainy seasons: 
September - December (short rainy season) 
February - May (long rainy season) 

Main cities: Libreville, Port-Gentil, Franceville 

The provinces of Gabon

Gabon is divided into nine provinces (main town in brackets): 

1.Estuaire (Libreville) 
2.Haut-Ogooué (Franceville) 
3.Moyen-Ogooué (Lambaréné) 
4.Ngounié (Mouila) 
5.Nyanga (Tchibanga) 
6.Ogooué-Ivindo (Makokou) 
7.Ogooué-Lolo (Koulamoutou) 
8.Ogooué-Maritime (Port-Gentil) 
9.Woleu-Ntem (Oyem)                   

Principal ethnic groups

• The Fangs, Etsiras, Bapounous, Myenes, Bandzabis and Batékés. 
• Gabon has no (or hardly any) migration flows 

Religions

Catholic (75%) 
Protestant (20%) 
Indigenous belief systems (4%) 
Muslim (1%) 

Demographics

Rate of population growth 
2.5% per annum, or 16% for 2010. 
This rate can be explained by a regression in fertility, a slight rise in mortality and by the migration of the Gabonese to Equatorial Guinea. 

Percentage of the population by province 
Estuaire: 50.2%; Haut Ogooué: 9.8%; WoleuNtem: 8.1%; MoyenOgooué: 4.1%; Ngounié: 6.4%; Nyanga: 3.4%; OgoouéIvindo: 4.3%; Ogooué Lolo: 3.9%; Ogooué Maritime: 9.8% 

Distribution of urban and rural population 
Rate of urbanisation (2010): 80% 
Rural (2010): 20% 
Density: 4.8/Km2 

Birth rate: 33.1 per 1000 
Sum of the birth rate in rural areas (29.06%) + the birth rate in urban areas (25.76%) 

Mortality rate: 15.6 per 1000 
Fertility rate: 3.9 children per woman on average