Key dates

Several turning points in Gabon’s history

 

17 August 1960

Declaration of independence. 
Gabon joins the United Nations. 

28 November 1967 

Death of President Léon Mba. His successor is named as Mr Albert Bernard Bongo. 

1973, 1979, 1986

Re-election of President El Hadj Omar Bongo Ondimba under a one-party system. 

1990

National conference with the establishment of a multi-party system. 

1993

1st re-election of President El Hadj Omar Bongo Ondimba under a multi-party system. 

1994

The Paris Conference and Accords, to promote the State of Law and guarantee fundamental liberties, in which citizens are equally subject to the law, with rights and obligations. 

1998

2nd re-election of President El Hadj Omar Bongo Ondimba under a multi-party system. 

2004

Signing of the Presidential Charter by the parties of the Presidential Majority. 

2005

3rd re-election of President El Hadj Omar Bongo Ondimba under a multi-party system. 

2009

On 8 June 2009, the whole world learnt with consternation of the death of His Excellency El Hadj Omar Bongo Ondimba, as a result of cardiac arrest. He was 73 years old and was buried in his native province, Franceville, on 18 June.

On 10 June 2009, the President of the Senate, Rose Francine Rogombé, became the interim President of Gabon, following the death of President Omar Bongo Ondimba, in accordance with Article 13 of the Constitution of Gabon relative to vacant office. She was the first woman to hold the position.

October 16, 2009: Ali Ben Bongo Ondimba acceded to the Supreme Magistrature of GABON under the Multipartite regime. He was sworn in before the Higher Institutions of the Republic, at the Presidential Palace on the coast, thereby becoming the 3rd President of the Gabonese Republic. 

August 17, 2010: Fifty years during which the country invested efforts towards development, but also and especially towards preserving its stability.